试析_简_爱_中的女性主义_英文__pdf

青年文学家

2009年第21期

摘要:《简爱》是十九世纪英国批判主义文学家夏洛蒂勃郎特的代表作品,它成功的塑造了新型的小资产

阶级女性简的生动形象,集中描写了她为谋求妇人经济独立和爱情平等而进行的斗争,在这篇论文中,首先将对作者夏洛蒂勃郎特﹑简爱的社会背景﹑简爱的故事情节﹑主角和影响进行简要的介绍,紧接着着重描写她的爱情观点,她自信,果断,坚持自我选择,表现了简这位新时代女性在各方面的追求以及超时代性,然后将简·爱,那个时代的楷模和突破,与新时代的女性进行对比,有此得出的结论是,现在的女性主义是当时的一种延续以及发展。

ABSTRACT :Jane Eyre is written by Charlotte Bronte who is the famous English novelist.It successfully cre -ates Jane ’s vivid image.She describes a woman seeking economic independence and struggling for love and equal -ity.At first,the paper gives an introduction of the author –Charlotte Bronte,the background,the role and influ -ence of Jane Eyre.Second,it describes Jane ’s pursuit of love,her confidence,decisiveness,and her persistence in self-selection.Then it compares Jane,a model,a breakthrough in that time,with modern women and arrive at the conclusion that the feminist movement today is the continuation and development of that time.

关键词:简爱平等自尊女性主义

KEY WORDS:Jane Eyre equality self-respect feminism

试析《简·爱》中的女性主义

史蓓蓓

四川建筑职业技术学院四川德阳618000

【中图分类号】I106【文献标识码】A 【文章编号】1002-2139(2009)-21-0072-04

Ⅰ.Introduction

1.1The Author –Charlotte Bronte

Jane Eyre has been popular with readers all over the world since its publication in 1847.It was written by Charlotte Bronte,one of the most outstanding British writers in nineteenth century.She was a fa -mous talented realistic woman novelist.She portrayed the struggle of the individual to maintain his integrity with a dramatic intensity en -tirely new to English fiction.

Charlotte Bronte was born in the family of poor country clergy -man at Thornton Yorkshire in 1816.She was the third child of the family.Her sister Emily wrote Wuthering Heights,and the other sister Anne wrote Agnes Grey.She and her sister went to a charity school with bad food and poor living conditions,then,Charlotte removed from the school to start a sketchy learning at home.Formal schooling was not much in their youth,but wide reading and home education seemed to give free play to their imagination.They wrote stories and poems.In 1842,they went to Brussels for nine months to learn French.Charlotte worked there as a teacher for one year.Charlotte died in 1855,less than one year after her marriage to a clergyman A.B,Nicholas.

1.2The social background of Jane Eyre

1832,the year when the first Reform Bill was passed,is usually regarded as the end of the Romantic era and the beginning of the Victorian age,although Queen Victorian did not start her reign until 1837.The Victorian age (1832-1902)was a time of profound change.The Industrial Revolution had reshaped the class structure of English society by creating the rich bourgeoisies and powerful but politically deprived proletariat who would have to fight for their right.Human knowledge also made major advances that inevitably posed as a direct challenge to the authority of religion.The Victorian age is usually subdivided into the following phases:the early victorian period,the mid-victorian period,and late victorian period.Charlotte Bronte wrote Jane Eyre in the early victorian period when the conflict between la -bor and capital was so sharp.In this period the labour cried for democracy,freedom and equality.

1.3The summary of the book –Jane Eyre

Jane Eyre is a Bildungsroman,or a coming-of-age novel,which recounts the first nineteen years of the character of Jane Eyre,in the first-person voice.

Ten -year -old orphan Jane Eyre lives unhappily with her wealthy,cruel cousins and aunt at Gateshead.Later she is sent off to school at Lowood,but there,under the hypocritical Evangelicalism of the headmaster,Mr.Brocklehurst,she suffers further privations in the austere environment.She befriends Helen Burns,is taken under the wing of the superintendent,Miss Temple.Jane excels as a student for six years and as a teacher for two.

Jane finds employment as a governess at the estate of Thornfield for a little girl,Adele.After much waiting,Jane finally meets her em -ployer,Edward Rochester,a brooding,detached man who seems to have a dark past.Other oddities around Jane develops an attraction for Rochester,not based on looks (both are considered plain)but on their intellectual communion.However,the higher social standing of the beautiful Miss Ingram seemingly vaults her above Jane.Though Rochester flirts with the idea of marrying Miss Ingram,he is aware of her financial ambitions for marriage.An old acquaintance of Rochester ’s,Richard Mason,visits Thornfield and is severely injure.Jane,baffled by the circumstances,tends to him,and Rochester con -fesses to her that he made an error in the past that he hopes to over -turn by marrying Miss Ingram.He says that he has another governess position for Jane lined up elsewhere.

Jane returns to Gateshead for a while.When she returns to Thornfield,Rochester asks Jane to marry him.Jane accepts,but a month later,Mason and a solicitor,Mr.Briggs,interrupt the ceremony by revealing that Rochester already has a wife:Bertha Mason,Ma -son's sister,a lunatic who is kept in the attic in Thornfield.Rochester confesses his past misdeeds to Jane.In his youth he needed to marry the wealthy Bertha for money,but was unaware of her family ’s history of madness,and over time she became an incorrigible,dangerous part of his life which only imprisonment could solve.Despite his protests that he loves Jane,she cannot agree to marry him because of his pre -vious marriage,and leaves Thornfield.

Jane arrives at the desolate crossroads of Whitcross and is re -duced to begging for food.Fortunately,the Rivers siblings (St.John,Diana,and Mary)take her into their home at Moor House.She devel -

An Analysis of Fem inism in Jane Eyre

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