现代大学英语精读3第二版。课后练习答案_doc

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Unit One

Key to Exercise

Vocabulary

4. Complete the sentences by translating the Chinese in the brackets

1. differ

2. differently, different

3. difference

4. serious, serious, seriously

5. seriousness, seriously polluted

6. Fortunately/ Luckily, pollution, seriously, pollute

现代大学英语精读3第二版。课后练习答案

4 Translate the following sentences using words and expressions taken from the text.

1. 他们利用我们求助无门的困境把我们公司接管了。

They took advantage of our helpless situation and took over our company.

2. 虽然我们面前仍有困难,但我肯定我们中国人有智慧靠自己实现国家的和平统一。

Although there are still difficulties ahead of us, I am sure that we Chinese people will have the wisdom to bring abou t the peaceful unification of our country on our own.

3. 只强调国内生产总值是错误的,它会引起很多严重问题。

It is wrong to put emphasis on nothing but GDP. It will give rise to many serious problems.

4. 他喜欢炫耀他的财富,但是这完全是徒劳的,人们仍然像躲避毒药那样躲避他。

He loves to show off his wealth, but this is all in vain. People still avoid him as though he were poison.

5. 他不久就爱上了这个村子。他决心和村民一起把这个地方变成一个花园。

He soon fell in love with the village and was determined to make it a beautiful garden together with other villagers.

6. 我们必须花更多的钱来和全球气温上升作斗争。另外,我认为我们还必须采用严厉的法律措施。这不只是一个钱的问题。

We must spend more money fighting against global warming. In addition, we must resort to tough laws. It is not just a matter of money.

7. 当警察到达学校的时候,学生和老师还在一种茫然不知所措的状态。

When the police arrive at the school, the students and the teachers were still in a daze.

8. 这个腐败的官员还在死死抓住他的权力不放。他拒绝靠边站。

This corrupt official was still clinging to his power. He refused to step aside.

9. 当那个人最后进入视界时,我发现他原来是我父亲。不知道他怎么在这大雪中找到这个地方的。那时候,我放声大哭起来。

When the man finally came into view, I found it was my father. I didn’t know how he managed to find this place in the blinding snow. At that moment, I burst into tears.

10. 她不时地偷偷朝他张望。她发现自己第一次这样看一个年轻男子。

She glanced at him from time to time. It was the first time in her life that she had found herself looking at a young like that.

5. Fill u in the blanks with the correct prepositions or adverbs

1 of

2 from

3 for

4 out

5 up

6 up

7 up for 8. out 9. with

10. of 11. of 12. of 13. up

Grammar:

现代大学英语精读3第二版。课后练习答案

3. Fill in the blanks with ONE suitable word.

1. easy

2. beginning

3. But

4. suddenly

5. worried

6. If

7. master

8. number 9. habit 10. go

4 Translate the following sentences into English

1. 上大学之前,我没有想到大学生活如此丰富多彩。

Before I came to/ entered college, I had never thought life at college would be so rich and interesting.

2. 出生于20世纪90年代的中国大学生大多数是独生子女。

Most of the Chinese college students born in the 1990s are the only child of their families.

3.了解他的人都因为他出色的工作而钦佩他。

All those who know him admire him for his hard work.

4. 我那天缺课了,因为我不知道课已提前到了周四。

I missed the class because I didn’t know it had moved up to Thursday.

5. 在某些国家,超重的人会受到一定的惩罚。

In some countries, those who are overweight will be punished one way or another.

6.在大火中失去家园的人们很快被安置到安全的地方。

Soon after the fire, those who had lost their homes were taken to a place of safety.

7. 再见面的时候,我们发现我们两人变化都很大。

When we met again, we found we both had changed a lot.

8. 以李教授为首的专家们很快就会来帮助农民解决问题。

A team of experts headed by Professor Li will soon come and help farmers solve their problems.

9.现在种着西红柿的那块地以往是荒地。

The field planted with tomatoes used to be wasteland.

10.我们老师叫我们读像矛盾、巴金那样大师们写的作品。

Our teacher told us to read books written by such masters as Mao Dun and Ba Jin.

Unit 3

Vocabulary

3 Translate the following expressions

现代大学英语精读3第二版。课后练习答案

4. Complete the sentences by translating the Chinese in the brackets.

1. represent, represented

2. employer, unemployed, employees, reemployed

3. well-informed, information

4. informer, inform, authorities

5. complaints, complain, unemployment

6. insult

7. insulting, insult

8. representative

9. be insulted

2 Complete the following verb + noun collocations or expressions

1 mind (his own business)

2 plant / grow / harvest / reap (the rice)

3 dig / sink (a well)

4. (catch) fish / birds / crabs / mice/ a thief / a cold / the meaning / the disease

5 till / improve / conserve (the soil)

6 plough (the field)

7 (condemn) the enemy / the killings

8 (attract) attention / interest / criticism

9 (gather) flowers/ nuts / information /troops

4. Fill in the blanks with correct prepositions and adverbs

(1) in, of, with, at, with, about/of, to, of, on, to

(2) of, for, from, till, on, after, against/from, in

(3) to, in, of, of, for, to, for, in, to,

(4) down, over, with

(5) by, over,

(6) along, with, across

(7) around/ round, away, with

(8) to, up, off, off, on

5 Translate the following sentences, using the link +predicative pattern

1. 祝英台虽然不愿意嫁给马家小少爷,但她不能不服从她父亲。她的心都碎了。

Zhu Yingtai had to (was forced to) obey her father and marry the young master of the rich Ma family although she was extremely unwilling. She was heartbroken.

2. 那个人从来没见过这么大的一张钞票。他说:“这东西看着好,摸着也好,的确就是好。”

The man had never seen such a large note. He said, “It looks good, feels good, and it is good.”

3. 树叶都变黄,变红,变紫了。看起来真是如天堂一样美。

Leaves had turned/got/gone/become yellow, red and purple, It really looked heavenly beautiful (beautiful like heaven). 4. 随着年纪越来越老,她开始容易感到疲惫。

As she grew older, she began to feel tired easily.

5. 他的话听起来很有说服力,但好听的理由并不等于好的理由,两者之间存在很大差别。

What he said sounded very convincing, but reasons that sound good do not always mean good sound reasons. There is a big difference between the two.

6. 他爱说话,他永远无法保持沉默,而他说的往往被证明是错的。

He likes to talk. He can never keep quiet, and what he says often proves (turns out to be) incorrect.

7. 他在战斗中受了伤,流了很多血,变得十分虚弱,他的领导强迫他留在医院到伤口痊愈为止。

He got wounded in battle, lost a lot of blood, and became very weak. His leaders ordered him to stay in the hospital until he was completely recovered ( healed).

8 他以为可以从我们手中滑过去;他们错了,他们休想干了坏事就溜走。

They thought they could slip through our fingers. They were wrong. They couldn’t get away with what they had done. 9. 长征的时候,红军需要越过大渡河,穿越草地,翻过雪山。

During the Long March, the Red Army had to get across the Dadu River, through the grassland and over the sown-covered mountains.

10. 你在哪里生活习惯了吗?你和同学相处的如何?我们给你寄的钱够你凑合着用吗?

Are you used to the life there? How do you get along with your classmates? Can you get by with the money we send you? (Is the money we send you enough for you?)

7 Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the appropriate word or phrase in the brackets.

1 wish

2 hoping

3 hope,wish

4 wished

5 hope

6 can’t,can,won’t

7 should,would/could/might

8 happened/occurred,happen/occur

9 occurred,taken place/happened/occurred10 happen,take place Grammar

3. Fill in each blank of the passage with ONE suitable word

1. trying 2 enough 3 brought 4 without 5 first 6 simple 7 any

8 times 9 in 10 only

4 Translate the following sentence using sentence patterns o f unreal condition or as.

1. If you had arrived ten minutes earlier, you could have caught the train.

2. Your father would have forgiven you if you had told him the truth.

3. If it hadn’t snowed heavily, I would have taken you along to yesterday’s party.

4. If there had been more rain in spring, the harvest would have been much better.

5. If they hadn’t learned a lesson from their failure, they wouldn’t have achieved so much.

6. If my family hadn’t supported me, I wouldn’t have taken part in this contest.

7. Many people think that China’s Great Wall is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world,.

8. As so often happens, misfortunes/troubles never come singly/alone.

9. As is often the case with many first-year college students, Jim finds it hard to adapt to the life at college.

10. As is reported, the president will visit five African countries next month.

5 Identify and correct the mistake(s)

1. Supermarkets have sprung up everywhere in Beijing since the 1990s.

2. The old lady finds the shop filled with goods she has no use for.

3. If I had had time, I would have joined you for dinner yesterday.

4. The old couple told me that they had nothing to complain abou t.

5. My grandfather advised me to apply to Nanjing University for admission.

(or: My grandfather suggested that I apply to Nanjing University for admission.)

6. He went back to work as soon as he was back on his feet.

7. He said he would pass on the message to all his friends.

8. We might have finished our work by 5 pm if the manager had not interfered.

9. Any country will sooner or later fall behind if it fails to keep up with the times.

10. Maybe it is fate that brought my children back to our hometown.

Unit 4

Vocabulary

2 Complete the following verb + noun collocation or expression

1. fit the (description; lock; theory)

2. (make; receive; have; get; answer ) a telephone call

3.(make; have; arrange; keep; break) an appointment

4. risk (failure; life; health)

5. affect the (health; future; economy; result; decision)

6. raise (hell; hands; eyes; a finger; voice; glass; wages; prices; hope; issue)

7. save (time; money; trouble; life; face; country)

8. wave (a gun; arms; hand; flag; cloth)

9. (do) harm

10 bite (one’ lip; one’s nails; none’s tongue)

11. (take; seize; miss; gives; have; get) chances

12. cover (a table; one’s body; somebody; ground; field; anger; all subjects; all expenses; many miles; pages)

5 Rewrite the following sentence using the words or expressions in the brackets.

1. He did not fit the description of a great scholar. For one thing, he was half naked. For another, he slept by the roadside of a busy city, hardly a setting for a philosopher.

2. I wish I knew how they learned about this secret missile.

3. Her face suggested a ripened apple, and she was otherwise very strong except for the loss of both her leg.

4. They made an appointment in a restaurant that evening, where the waiter quickly slipped a note into the spy’s hand concerning he secret message.

5. We waited for almost one hour and the food we ordered still did not come. I decided to raise the devil with the management.

6. The government has promised that it will not hesitate to punish those who deal in cheating, gambling, black marketeering, and prostitution.

7. Had the authorities aggressed with the plan, it would have brought a lot of problem. Luckily, it was turned down and no harm had been done.

8. We must make sure that the nuclear power stations are absolutely safe. We can’t take chances.

9. I think we should mind our own business. But I will check on him anyway.

6 Translate the following sentences into English

1. 他们别想当然地以为我们会接受他们的条件,把我们当傻瓜。我们不那么容易上当。

Don’t let them take it for granted that we will accept their conditions/terms. We are no fools, and we won’t be so easily taken in.

2. 我们只花了三年时间就使我们的村民收入增加了一倍.

It took us only three years to double the income of our villagers.

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