新编英语语法教程第五版--答案_docx

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《新编英语语法教程》答案

新编英语语法教程第01讲

Ex. 1A

1. A. his home work

B. quickly, to play

2. A. The huge black horse

B. the race

3. A. have thought about

B. going into space

4. A. warms up and crawls

B. out of the bag

5. A. one of the most beautiful planets to look at through a telescope

B. because of the many rings that surround it

6. A. 165 years

B. to complete its path, or orbit, around the sun

7. A. you and your brother

B. How many pairs of shorts

8. A. the most expensive meal listed on the menu

B. What

9. A. an “Outdoor Code”

B. their members

10. A. can blow

B. as fast as 180 miles (290 kilometers) an hour

11. A. The spiral of heated air and moist air

B. to twist and grow and spin

12. A. The direction a hurricane’s spiral moves

B. counterclockwise

13. A. does not shine

B. At the north pole: for half of the year

14. A. The cold winds that blow off of the Arctic Ocean

B. a very cold place

15. A. might have been

B. guilty of murder

Ex. 1B

1. SVC

Within the stricken area, not a single soul remained alive, and the city centre looked as if it had been razed by monster steam-roller.

2. SV

The bomb exploded 1,000 ft. above the groun.

3. SVO

On August 6, 1945, an American aircraft dropped a bomb on the Janpanese town of Hiroshima.

4. SvoO

Three days later, yet another bomb of the same kind gave the town of Nagasaki the same fatal

blow.

5. SVOC

The explosion made one and a half square miles of the city an expense of reddish rubble.

6. SVA

Within the fraction of a second, the bomb changed from a metal cylinder into an immense mass of enpanding gas, millions of degrees hot.

7. SVOA

A tremendous blast of hot air whirled the debris of stone, cencrete, metal, and wood over the ground.

Ex. 1C

1. Walden Pond, once praised by Thoreau for its natural beauty, is now the site of many tourist stands.

2. Almost every summer night the cooling northeast wind swept through our bedroom windows, marking air conditioning unnecessary and a light blanket welcome. / Swepping through our bedroom windows almost every summer night, the cooling northeast wind made…

3. The steep surrounding slopes were capped with snow, which fed two streams plunging down to join in the valley below.

4. With the river on one side and a large tree providing shade, this is a good spot for a picnic, and we can spread our blanket on the grassy knoll.

5. Panting for breath after running up the stairs, Mr wood stood at his neighbour’s door and knocked again and again till someone opened it.

6. The town folk envied horace, who had come into a small fortune with which he bought

a big house and obtained a partnership in the biggest grocery in town.

7. Standing in front of the mirror, Jim looked at his image, wondering at the big change that had come over him in recent years.

8. The idea that his only daughter whom he had greatly wronged might never forgive him almost drove hime mad.

9. The story, written in plain language, consists of three parts with an interesting plot centering round an aristocratic family living in 17th century France.

10. Mud-covered and shivering, John sat hunched over a bowl of hot broth prepared by his father to drive off the chill.

11. Far above the waters of a beautiful lake and over the tops of the tall pime trees growing on the steep of a hill stand five Chinese-style pavilions.

12. Farther down the street, the old man stopped and leaned against a lamp-post, listening to a cheerful song coming out of a restaurant on the oppsite side of the street.

13. Sarah sank in the nearest chair, completely exhausted, her limbs stiff with cold, her mind a piece of blank.

14. Throughout the day Mrs Rymer behaved very properly, her pleasant, refined face wearing a grave look, her elegant figure wrapped in deep mourning while occasionally she uttered a sigh or

a sob.

15. Tony thought it necessary to break the news to his family, that Mr Jacob, his former employer, had promised him a half-day job at 20 pounds a week.

16. The thought that he might have wronged his friend who had rendered him good services on many occasions troubled his mind, already overburdened with worries and cares.

17. The men of the disbanded royal bodyguard, suddenly turned loose onto the street of a capital seething with unrest, unemployed and perhaps disgruntled at their abrupt dismissal, were

a potentially dangerous element.

18. For many years London has been a business centre with hotel accommadation for visiting businessmen toghter with well-to-do travellers but completely inadequate for the swarms of shour-stay tourists landing at Heathrow or disembarking at Dover.

19. Nearing the top, he climbed recklessly faser and faster, his eyes already glowing with triumph, but suddenly he slipped and fell, tumbling to the ground and lying motionless there, a crumpled pile of arms and legs.

20. Bertrand Russell was one of the very few persons who have received both the Order of Merit, which was conferred on him by the British government in 1949, and the Nobel Prize for literature, conferred in Norway in 1950.

新编英语语法教程第02讲练习参考答案

Ex. 2A

1. come

2. are

3. has / have

4. are

5. are

6. are

7. was / were

8. is

9. costs 10. were 11. are 12. are 13. was 14. are 15. lie 16. were 17. are 18. is 19. is 20. was 21. Has 22. were 23. is 24. is 25. are 26. is 27. are 28. cover, are 29. is / are 30. was/were

Ex. 2B

1. were

2. have

3. is, is

4. was

5. were

6. is

7. is

8. are

9. is 10. are, are 11. have 12. are, their, their 13. was, It, was 14, It / They, is / are 15. are, their, they, disapprove 16. were, they 17. was 18. are 19. were 20. were

新编英语语法教程第03讲练习参考答案

Ex. 3A

1. is

2. was

3. is

4. has

5. were

6. means

7. is

8. is

9. is 10. is 11. were 12. sells 13. is 14. are 15. are 16. are 17. is 18. is 19. was 20.provides 21. are 22. was 23. stops 24. is 25. is 26. does 27. produces 28. is 29. is 30. was

Ex. 3B

1. ’s

2. are

3. is

4. are

5. is

6. was

7. is

8. were

9. is 10. ’s 11. is 12. is, is, is 13. are 14. is 15. have 16. is 17. are 18. looks 19. are 20. are 21. understand 22. has 23. was 24. have 25. was 26. was 27. are 28. is 29. is 30. was 31. is 32. is / are 33. leaves 34. is / are 35. are 36. are 37. is 38. comes 39. is 40. live 41. are 42. points / point 43. are 44. is 45. are 46. was 47. is / are 48. is 49. has 50. was

Ex. 3C

1. is / are

2. is / are

3. is

4. is / are

5. is / are

6. remain

7. is

8. are

9. has / have 10.care / cares 11. is 12. plays 13. is 14. am 15. are / is 16. was 17. is, has 18. was 19. come 20. is

新编英语语法教程第04讲练习参考答案

Ex. 4A

1. description

2. arrangement

3. attendance

4. peculiarity

5. expectation

6. argument

7. dependence 8. originality 9. exaggeration 10. measurement 11. purity

12. persistence 13. extension 14. statement 15. generosity 16. entrance 17. loneliness

18. forgetfulness 19. happiness 20. seriousness

Ex. 4B

1. strange sounds

2. foods are

3. chief, tribes, their, salmon (s)

4. The runners-up were given pound notes / The runners-up were each given a pound note.

5. bodies, their heroes

6. mice, tooth-marks

7. Crises, occur, families

8. /

9. / 10. these businesses 11. / 12. fruits are

13. / 14. these articles are well written 15. / 16. several personal kindnesses 17. / 18. sufferings 19. professors 20. children are playing, sands

Ex. 4C

1. experience

2. waters

3. for advice

4. an important piece of information

5. for it is fun

6. were not numerous

7. Poultry

8. directors are

9. militia 10. geniuses 11. merchandise has 12. sympathies 13. experiences 14. were times, rivalry 15. clippings, were 16. lookers-on 17. foliage is 18. photos 19. 12-pages 20. Luggage is

Ex. 4D

1. blade

2. piece

3. choir

4. flash

5. lump

6. gang

7. grain

8. head

9. staff 10. collection 11. fleet 12. cluster 13. bundle 14. bunch 15. team 16. piece 17. ear 18. bar 19. herd 20. pack 21. flock 22. crowd / swarm 23. troupe 24. bench 25. grove 26. collection 27. suite 28. squadron 29. band 30. library Ex. 4E

1-5 BCADC 6-10 CBDAB 11-15 ADBBC 16-20 BDCAB

新编英语语法教程第05讲练习参考答案

Ex. 5A

1. my father has a car

2. the bull has horns

3. the prisoner escaped

4. her parents consented

5. somebody released the prisoner

6. somebody assassinated the President

7. a letter from the general / the general sent a letter

8. the crowd felt sympathy

9. a college for women

10. a summer day, a day in the summer

11. the earth has a (rough) surface

12. the absence lasted ten days

13. a doctoral degree, a doctorate

14. the bird made the nest

15. the committee made a report

16. a story told by the girl / the girl told a story

17. the volcano erupted

18. the victim had courage / the victim was courageous

19. somebody punished the boy

20. the critics recevied the play in a hostile manner

Ex. 5B

1. The comedian performed, and he was well received by a huge audience.

这位喜剧演员的演出很受广大观众的欢迎。

2. She was thankful, for her little girl had quickly recovered.

她的小女孩很快康复,为此她非常感谢。

3. How to educate children presents a big problem.

教育孩子成了大问题。

4. He was happy that his wife loved hime.

他陶醉于妻子对他的爱情。

5. He did that because he loved his wife.

他干这个是出于对妻子的爱。

6. The enemy was defeated, and the war was brought to an end.

战争以敌人的失败而告终。

7. John was pleased because his teacher praised him.

约翰因受到老师的嘉勉而感到高兴。

8. She was punished for stealing, and the punishment was a year in prison.

她因偷窃被判刑一年。

9. As he had served unfailingly, the servant was remembered in his master’s will as a reward.

由于仆人忠实可靠地服务,主人在遗嘱中提出遗赠作为报酬。

10. William’s homework is the onl y example that is never bably done.

只有威廉的家庭作业一贯做得好。

Ex. 5C

1. …Dick’s decision to emigrate to Australia.

2. the expansion of the Physics Department / The Physics Department’s expansion…

3. …a novel of Jane Austen’s.

4. That long report of Mr Allen’s…

5. Those new shoes of yours…

6. …the article of the student…

7. …Shakespeare’s tragedies / the tragedies of Shakespeare

8. …a ship’s carpenter.

9. The punishment of the offenders…

10. …the past decade’s events / the events of the past decade

11. …the enemy’s unconditional surrender / the unconditional surrender of the enemy.

12. …other people’s criticism of him.

13. …the younger generation’s education / the education of the younger generation.

14. …at John Wiley’s, the bookseller’s.

15. …an article of T. Johns’…

16. …this policy of the government’s…?

17. …an idiot’s tale.

18. That dog of Frank’s…

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